Subjects for 2022



Subjects for 2022
Open to All Officers
“Grooming of Military Officers for Joint Services Environment”
The journey of jointmanship within the Indian Forces and their counterparts in other departments has its hits and misses. The success in jointmanship can be generally attributed to charisma, inter-personal relations and training in military institutions. On the flip side, the Service-centric approach to doctrines, strategy, structures, and skills has constrained optimum integration and synergy. The world over, there is a great focus on integration and jointness. Both our adversaries, Pakistan and China, particularly the latter, have made bold strides in jointmanship.

There is a growing realisation in India about the changing nature and character of extant and future wars; Multi-Domain Wars (MDW), hybrid wars are grey zone conflicts which vividly figure out in India's strategic security calculus. With the appointment of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS), creation of the Department of Military Affairs (DMA), theaterisation, and focus on civil-military fusion, jointmanship has gained the salience it deserves. Atenure in the joint services environment has become a pre-requisite for promotion to higher ranks. Tenatingappointments in the joint services organisations, HQ IDS MOD, MEA, NSCS and other such like organisations will become a rule than exception.

It is, therefore, incumbent to groom military officers for joint services environment. This is essential for them to understand and formulate joint doctrines, strategies, structures, and systems. There is a need to foster a deeper understanding of other services and agencies dealing with defence and security. Among other points that the author may wish to cover, the essay must address the following:

  • Reality check of India's joint services environment
  • Importance of jointness in the extant and future wars.
  • Training of officers for jointness with particular reference to PME.
  • Road map for promoting jointness in doctrines, strategy, structures, systems & skills.
  1. From 2022, the USI is reverting to one subject being open to all officers due to administrative constraints. The competition is open to all commissioned officers, of the Defence Services of India, officers of the Territorial Army, Assam Rifles and the Senior Division of National Cadet Corps, and Gazetted Officers of the Civil Administration in India including retired officers.
  2. Essay may vary in length between 3,000 to 4,000 words. The word length should be shown in brackets at the end of the essay. Entries violating the length are liable to be rejected.
  3. Essays should be written in the English language and printed on one side of the paper in double space and should be submitted in TRIPLICATE in hardcopy. A softcopy should also be sent by email to [[email protected]]. The subject of the email should be the motto which is defined in para 5 below. There should be No Signature Block in this email. The email should just state 'my entry for the USI Gold Medal Essay Competition is attached'.
  4. Entries will be strictly ANONYMOUS. No details pertaining to the individualare to be mentioned on the essay or in the covering letter. The individual is to select a MOTTO (which should not be more than ten words) and type it on the first page of all copies of his essay. One sealed envelope is to accompany the essay with a paper indicating the MOTTO, personal number, rank, name, date of commission and unit address (if applicable), e-mail and contact number of the individual written on it. On the outside of the envelope, only the MOTTO is to be written. These envelopes will be opened during the USI Council meeting, after the judges have given their decision.Essays violating anonymity rule will be rejected.
  5. The essay must be an individual's personal and original effort without plagiarism and not a cut-paste job. Jointly written essays are not accepted. The soft copy will be used for a plagiarism check at the USI.Entries for which a soft copy is not received will be rejected.
  6. Three judges chosen by the USI will adjudicate. Marks will be given on the basis of the following:
    1. Understanding of the subject.
    2. Thought, logic, development of theme.
    3. The extent to which the contribution throws fresh light on the subject.
    4. Language / expression.
    5. Whether in the whole or in large part it is in a form suitable for publication.
  7. The award of the judges will be final. They may recommend the Gold Medal to the winner and/or a cash prize of Rs.15,000/- as well as cash prize of Rs 10,000/- to the runner-up. The names of the winners of the essay competition will be published in the USI Journal. Winning essay in each group, if found suitable will be published in the USI Journal.
  8. The Institution reserves the right not to make an award if none of the essays submitted are of a standard which the judges consider adequate. Cases of plagiarism will invite disqualification.
  9. Copyright of all essays submitted will be reserved by the United Service Institution of India
  10. All essays should be sent to the Director, United Service Institution of India, Rao Tula Ram Marg, Post Bag No.8, Vasant Vihar PO, New Delhi-110 057,, to be received not later than 15 September 2022.
  1. General
    1. All diagrams, charts and graphs should be referred to as 'Figures' and consecutively numbered. Tables should carry only essential data and should complement the text rather than repeat what has already been said. These should carry a short title, be numbered and carry the source at the bottom.
    2. The paper should have centre, group, paragraph and subparagraph headings to make it more reader-friendly.
    3. Use English (UK) (British) spellings.
    4. Write dates beginning with the day followed by the month and the year (e.g., 11 September 2014).
    5. In the text, write numbers in words till number nine and then in numerals (e.g., two, four, nine; then 10,11,12 and so on).
    6. Write 'per cent' and not % or percent.
    7. Acronyms and abbreviations should carry the full form at the first mention with the acronym in bracket; and thereafter use the abbreviated version.
    8. Names of books, journals, newspapers and foreign terms in the body of the text should appear in italics, e.g.: Asian Security in the 21st Century; Strategic Analysis; The Hindu
    9. While referring to currency, use Rs. 2,000 crores, not 2000 crores of rupees. Similarly, $ 8.5 million, not 8.5 million dollars.
  2. 2. References / End Notes
    1. It is desirable that the author furnishes complete details of the articles/books/journals referred to in the article as endnotes. This includes full name of writer of article or book referred to, title of book/article, journal in which published (in case of articles); issue details, and page numbers. Besides end notes, if the author so desires, bibliography may also be included.
    2. While referring to a book, follow the example below:
      Lt Gen CK Kapur, Chinese Military Modernisation, (New Delhi: Manas Publications, 2003), pp. 17-18.
    3. While referring to an article in a journal, follow the example below:
      Lt Cdr Neeraj Malhotra, “Pratap Singh of the Indian Legion”. The Journal of the United Service Institution of India, Vol. CXXXIV, No. 556, p.283
    4. While referring to a website, follow the example below:
      "Escalation Control in a Nuclear Environment", Report of a Seminar organised by the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies on 17 November 2004 at New Delhi. Available at: Accessed on 08 February 2005.. Use of Wikipedia as reference must be avoided. Entries quoting Wikipedia as reference are liable to be penalised.
    5. If two successive citations/references refer to the same source, use Ibid.
    6. If the same reference is to be cited after a few other references or citations, write the name of the author followed by the citation number e.g.: Imran Khan, op. cit.
    7. Essays without footnotes or bibliography will be penalised.
Subject: : “Grooming of Military Officers for Joint Services Environment”.
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    All classes of membership except temporary membership and membership of Service Officers applying for Correspondence Courses being conducted by the USI, will be subject to approval by the Executive Committee. The following are ordinarily eligible to become members of the Institution, with full voting rights:-

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