Introduction

The Centre for Armed Forces Historical Research (CAFHR) was established in December 2000 under the aegis of the USI at the behest of the three Service Headquarters for encouraging an objective study of all facets of Indian military history with a special emphasis on the history of the Indian Armed Forces. The Centre encourages research in various aspects of the Indian Armed Forces including strategic, tactical, logistical, organisational, socio-economic policies – and their implementation.

Aim

The Centre aims to study the history of the Indian Armed Forces with an emphasis on the following periods:

  • Post-independence
  • 1900-1947 AD.
  • 1750-1900 AD.
  • Prior to 1750 AD.

Objectives

Fellowships

• The USI-CAFHR awards Research Fellowships. This activity is continuing. Its scope has increased with the transfer of the General Palit Military Studies Trust from the IDSA to the USI CAFHR with effect from 2003.

Oral Archive

• Establishment of a full-fledged oral archive.

Record Management

• Prepare an integrated record management policy for implementation by the Indian Defence Establishment. Without official records, the study of History becomes meaningless. It is a part of the CAFHR’s endeavour to interact with the various record creating bodies within the Defence Establishment in order to stress the importance of military records and to assist in their preservation. As of now, in spite of the statutory requirement imposed by the Public Records Act 1993, the actual position regarding the transfer of post-1947 military records to the public domain is far from satisfactory. Moreover, large quantities of records are lost every year by being destroyed without any proper evaluation. The negative impact of the loss of a large proportion of primary source records upon the future study of independent India’s military history can be well imagined.
• Undertake a project to catalogue official Indian military records available in primary archival locations/record repositories, so as to provide a centralised integrated data-base of military records in India. Apart from serving as an invaluable resource tool for students of Indian military history, the utility of such a data-bank of information for a variety of official purposes is self-evident.
• Undertake a project to digitise/microfilm, or assist in the reprography of Indian military records available in primary archival locations/record repositories, so as to establish a centralised reprographic archive of military records in India.
• Prepare a comprehensive catalogue of military photographs and artefacts currently held by a variety of agencies. These include photographs of historic importance held by units/formations, as well as numerous sources in India and abroad. As far as possible these photos should be obtained/copied either digitally or on film so that they can be available for reference/use at a single centralised location. It goes without saying that the enormous advantages accruing from such an arrangement justify the effort involved.
• Maintain a properly catalogued digital archive of press clippings and articles dealing with defence related matters.

Official/Service Histories

• Pursue a case suggesting that all future official histories undertaken by the Government of India, Ministry of Defence History Division be prepared by interfacing with the USI CAFHR which can provide the necessary inputs and expertise regarding the military aspects of operations, which may not always be easily understood by civilian academics or historians. This aspect can be incorporated into the History Division’s SOP. Co-opting retired/serving service officers for this purpose has a precedence.
• Service Headquarters be encouraged to route their history-related projects, such as the preparation of campaign/unit histories, through the USI CAFHR, which can undertake to coordinate/execute these as sponsored projects.

Battlefield Studies

• The Battlefield Studies Concept represents a favourable method of conveying lessons from the past to present-day military situations for current application. Properly conducted these lessons bring to life, on actual terrain where historic encounters took place, examples applicable today as in the past, of leadership, tactics and strategy, use of terrain, communication, logistics and ever more so the psychology of men in battle.
• The issue that the Battlefield Studies Concept addresses can illustrate most any principle of war, or lesson at strategic, operational or tactical level. Besides highlighting the good strategy and tactics of a successful operation (e.g. Op Vijay – The Kargil War), it is even more important to emphasise what went wrong!
• A Battlefield Study should consist of a preliminary study of a selected campaign, a visit to the actual battlefields associated with that campaign and an opportunity to integrate the lessons derived from each. It requires maximum student participation before proceeding to the battlefield to ensure a thorough knowledge of the prevailing social, political, and military situations in which the country (ies) is (are) embroiled, followed by a study of the actual terrain and opposing forces to evolve a thorough and thought-provoking battle analysis.

Miscellaneous

• Establish a Forum where people interested in Indian Military History can meet informally and exchange views and ideas concerning the subject. Such a forum will provide an ideal and much needed interface between members of the military community and academia and go a long way in furthering the objectives of the Centre.
• Build up a collection of personal papers and artefacts on the lines of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library.
• Compile and keep updated a comprehensive bibliography of all published sources dealing with the Indian military worldwide. This will serve as an invaluable resource tool both for official use as well as for formal academic research.
• Organise periodic seminars on military history in order to encourage the study of military history not only within military circles but on a broader national academic spectrum as well.
• Provide research assistance and consultation to any agency interested in studying/commercially exploiting Indian military history themes, on payment basis. (Books, articles, documentary or commercial films and tele-serials). The amount may be decided on a case-to-case basis.

Youtube

USI-ICWA UN Webinar Challenges of Mission Leadership in UN Peace Operations

USI is conducting a series of webinars on the UN themes in collaboration with ICWA Since 2021, for the cross-fertilization of ideas and generating policy recommendations for reforms and restructuring …

War Disabled Personnel of Indian Armed Forces: Challenges, Concerns and Aspirations

Soldiers/Sailors/Airmen sacrifice their lives & limbs for many reasons, like national, regimental and unit pride; high level of motivation; courage; call of duty; and above all the understanding that …

Major Navdeep Singh: USI War Wounded Foundation Event

Talk by Maj Navdeep Singh, Author and Legal Luminary Need for Formulating a ‘War Disabled Persons Special Disability (WDPSD’s) Act’ for War Disabled Personnel and its Important Components.

38th USI National Security Lecture

The 38th USI National Security Lecture was delivered by Lt Gen Raj Shukla, PVSM, YSM, SM, ADC on Wednesday, 13 April 2022 at 1100 h (IST) at the United Service Institution of India. 37th National Se…

'Is The New Cold War a Myth or Reality'?

A talk on 'Is The New Cold War a Myth or Reality'? by Mr Atul Singh, Founder, CEO & Editor-in-Chief Fair Observer, USA scheduled at the USI, New Delhi on Wednesday, 23 Feb 2022 from 1100 to 1300 H (I…

UN Peace Operations: Women, Peace and Security

Along with the decline in inter-state conflicts and a sharp increase in intra-state conflicts in the last two decades, there is a consequent increase in the casualties to innocent civilians. Taking no…

National Security Policy of Pakistan (NSPP) 2022-2026

USI is conducting a panel discussion on the ‘National Security Policy of Pakistan (NSPP) 2022-2026’ on 07 Feb 2022 from 1100 h to 1300 h.

FRONTLINE COMMANDER: The Military Biography of the Late Lt Gen Jaswant Singh, PVSM, AVSM

UNITED SERVICE INSTITUTION OF INDIA- CENTRE FOR MILITARY HISTORY AND CONFLICT STUDIES organising a webinar on “FRONTLINE COMMANDER: The Military Biography of the Late Lt Gen Jaswant Singh, PVSM, AVSM”…

37th National Security Lecture: The Chinese Challenge - Its Many Dimensions and India's Options

Shri Maroof Raza, a well know commentator on strategic security and military issues will deliver the lecture on 24 Nov 2021 at 1100 hrs at the USI. The focus of the talk will be the geo-strategic as w…

Indian Military Operations Mukti Bahini & the BSF Salient Factors in the Liberation of Bangladesh

Shri VK Gaur and Lt Col BB Singh with Dr Sanjeev Chopra (based on VK Gaur’s book Yoon Janma Bangladesh) Chair: LS Bajpai

Naval Operations Beyond Naval Blockade Valley of Words 2021

Sandeep Unnithan in conversation with Admiral Anup Singh - Valley of Words 2021.

Air Operations Experience of First Heliborne Operation Valley of Words 2021 1080p

Sqn Ldr Rana Chinna in conversation with Sqn Ldr Pushp Vaid, VrC

Air Operations Air War in the West Valley of Words 2021 1080p

AVM Manmohan Bahadur in conversation with Jagan Mohan (Unheralded operations by Vampires, 'Texan' Harvard, Canberras and An-12)

Stories of Valour Narration of stories of valour by Maroof Raza Valley of Words 2021

Narration of stories of valour by Maroof Raza. Maroof Raza talks of forthcoming book The Contested Lands (India-China border dispute) - Valley of Words 2021

Managing Future Conflicts Role of World and Regional Fora Valley of Words 2021

Ambassador Asoke Mukerji and Maj Gen Dhruv Katoch Moderator: Lt Gen JS Lidder original video can be accessed from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i_j4zEnQmFw&list=PLwxh3VL-4b6uFk1wf_EdXamume8-cLXot&…

Perceptions India’s Compulsions and Outlook on East Pakistan Objectives and Strategy

Shri Iqbal Malhotra in conversation with Lt Gen Nirbhay Sharma and Maj Gen Ian Cardozo - Valley of Words 2021

Perceptions Western Pakistan’s Designs on East Pakistan Campaign, Objectives and Strategy

Lt Gen PJS Pannu in conversation with Christine Fair and Ambassador Pinak Ranjan Chakravarty

Contribution of Indian Cinema in Infusing Patriotism Valley of Words 2021

Lt Gen PJS Pannu and Maroof Raza in conversation with Shri JP Dutta (producer, director, filmmaker) and Nomination of Bollywood film Border on 1971 War. Original video can be accessed from: https://w…

Diplomacy and Statecraft Perceptions Information and Media Operations Valley of Words 2021

Lt Gen PJS Pannu in conversation with Sir Mark Tully, Subroto Chattopadhyay and Vishnu Shankar (Editor, TV9 Network) Original video can be accessed from :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfGmfJvWmo8&li…

USI- FO Live: Evolving Geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific Region

The United Service Institution of India (USI) and Fair Observer present a panel discussion on the evolving geopolitics of the Indo-Pacific region. Lately, the AUKUS Deal has added another twist to th…

𝐒𝐓𝐑𝐈𝐕𝐄 𝐖𝐞𝐛𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐫 on Buyout Sino Pak Collusivity Implications For India Maj

STRIVE a Lucknow based National and Defence Security Studies Centre organised a Webinar in collaboration with Military Literature Festival, Lucknow on a highly sensitive and contemporary issue the “B…

Can India and Pakistan Take Steps Towards Rapprochement

In this episode Major General BK Sharma (Director - United Service Institution of India) and Lt. General Asad Durrani (Former Director General ISI, Pakistan talks with Analyst Arvind Saharan on Indi…

𝗨𝗡 𝗣𝗲𝗮𝗰𝗲𝗸𝗲𝗲𝗽𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗢𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀: 𝗣𝗿𝗼𝘁𝗲𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗼𝗳 𝗖𝗶𝘃𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗮𝗻𝘀

Over the past few decades, inter-state conflicts waned but there has been an increase in Intra-state conflicts. In any conflict, the innocent civilians are the ones who suffer the most. But the suffer…

Valedictory Address by CDS General Bipin Rawat PVSM UYSM AVSM YSM SM VSM ADC

Valedictory Address by CDS General Bipin Rawat PVSM UYSM AVSM YSM SM VSM ADC The original video of the event can be accessed on the VoW youtube channel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VF2clqxX_j8&…

Managing Future Conflicts Deterrence and Conflict Prevention: Valley of Words 2021

Major General Dhruv C Katoch, SM, VSM (Retd) in conversation Lieutenant General JS Lidder, UYSM, AVSM (Retd), Ambassador Asoke Mukerji, Shri Arvind Gupta and Lt Gen Prakash Menon PVSM, AVSM, VSM [Retd…

Facebook

MEMBERSHIP
close slider

    All classes of membership except temporary membership and membership of Service Officers applying for Correspondence Courses being conducted by the USI, will be subject to approval by the Executive Committee. The following are ordinarily eligible to become members of the Institution, with full voting rights:-

    Read More