1. The USI- CUNPK was set up in year 2000 as a joint venture between the MEA, Army Headquarters and the USI. The USI nurtured its growth into an internationally recognised centre of excellence. It functioned from the USI under its aegis till it moved out in Aug 2014 after a fire incident in its premises. The Army Headquarters informed the USI in Apr 2015 that it had decided to delink the CUNPK from the USI.
USI PEACEKEEPING / PEACEBUILDING ACTIVITIES
2. The Institution had established international linkages in the field of peacekeeping, peacebuilding and the responsibility to protect and has continued these activities. Details of these are given in the succeeding paras.
Interaction with the UN High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO)
3. On the setting up of HIPPO, the USI in consultation with the MEA, approached them to provide inputs as also invited the panel to visit USI. The following activities were carried out in this regard :-
- Lt Gen Chander Prakash, SM,VSM (Retd) represented the USI at the Asian Regional Consultation by HIPPO at Dhaka from 20 – 23 Jan 2015.
- HE Mr Jose Ramos – Horta, Chairperson, HIPPO alongwith Ms Ameerah Haque and Lt Gen Abhijit Guha, AVSM visited the USI and participated in a discussion on 05 Feb 2015.
- A meeting of serving and former UN Force Commanders was hosted at the USI, on 11 – 12 Mar 2015, to discuss issues under consideration by HIPPO. The Force Commanders who participated were General ML Agwai, Nigeria; Lt Gen Robert Mood, Norway; Lt Gen YG Tesfamariam, Ethiopia; Lt Gen Abdul Hafiz, Bangladesh; Lt Gen PI Mella, Tanzania; Maj Gen Paban Thapa, Nepal; Lt Gen RK Mehta, Lt Gen Rajender Singh and Lt Gen Chander Prakash from India. The Director co-chaired the discussions.
4. USI is a founding partner of the International Forum for the Challenges of Peace Operations (Challenges Forum) since 1997 and actively participates in all its activities. The latest report of the Forum titled "Designing Mandates and Capabilities for Future Peace Operations" was released at the UN Headquarters, New York in January 2015. The Director alongwith Lt Gen RK Mehta, PVSM, AVSM, YSM, VSM (Retd), Lt Gen Chander Prakash, SM,VSM (Retd) and Maj Gen MP Bhagat, PVSM (Retd) had participated in various Seminars / Workshops leading to the publication of the report.
5. The Director was invited to participate in the Challenges Forum Workshop at the US Institute of Peace on 16 – 18 Jun 2015. He also participated in the discussions on modalities for conducting a joint international workshop in partnership with the Folke Benedotte Academy and the Swedish Army at Addis Ababa during Jun – Jul 2016
Regional Meeting on Peacekeeping
6. Lt Gen Chander Prakash, SM, VSM (Retd) represented the USI at the meeting at Jakarta on 27 – 28 Jul 2015 on the theme "Complex Peacekeeping Strategies: Enhancing Capabilities and Reponses of UN Peacekeeping". He also chaired the panel on "Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcemnet: Ensuring Mandates and Legal Strategies".
Responsibility to Protect (R2P)
7. In consultation with the MEA, Lt Gen Rajender Singh, PVSM, SM, VSM (Retd) represented the USI at the Regional Consultation and Conference on Responsibility to Protect organised by the UN Office on Genocide and Responsibility to Protect; the Stanley Foundation; and the Asia – Pacific Centre for R 2 P at Phnom Penh from 25 – 27 Feb 2015.
8. In partnership with the MEA, Govt of India and the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, New York, the USI hosted a two day workshop on the theme of "Responsibility to Protect" on 08 – 09 Apr 2015. Ms Sujata Mehta, IFS, Secretary (M&ER), Shri Vinod Kumar, IFS, Addl Secretary (IO) and Shri Munu Mahawar, IFS JS (UNP), MEA, participated and spoke at the Seminar.
PEACE CAPACITIES NETWORK
9. USI along with institutions from eight other countries, Brazil, China, Egypt, Indonesia, Norway, Russia, South Africa and Turkey, have formed a network called "Peace Capacities Network" to study all aspects of peacekeeping. The partners have undertaken a two year project from 2014 to 2016 to finally bring out a book on "Rising Powers and Peace Operations". The Network held a research meeting at the Centre for World Politics and Public Diplomacy, Moscow on 02 – 03 Nov 2015. The USI was represented by Lt Gen Chander Prakash, SM, VSM (Retd), Lt Gen Abhijit Guha (Retd) and Maj Gen AK Bardalai, VSM (Retd).
THE RISING POWERS AND PEACEBUILDING PROJECT
10. The project seeks to provide a critical analysis of the values, content and impact of peacebuilding initiatives of rising powers. The project partners are the USI; South Africa based ACCORD; the Istanbul Policy Centre, Turkey; the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Jakarta, Indonesia; the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI); and the School of International Service of the American University (AU); Washington D.C. Field Studies will be carried out in Afghanistan by the USI; in Somalia by ACCORD, NUPI and AU; and in Myanmar by CSIS. The project will be carried out during 2015-16.
11. The USI core team consists of the Director, Lt Gen PC Katoch, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SC (Retd), Maj Gen BK Sharma, AVSM, SM & Bar (Retd), Deputy Director (Research) and Shri Shakti Sinha, IAS (Retd) who has worked extensively in Afghanistan including in UNAMA. Field trips to Kabul, Herat and Mazar-i-Sharif have already been carried out by the team members. A monograph titled “Peacebuidling through Development Partnership: An Indian Perspective” authored by Lt Gen PK Singh, PVSM, AVSM (Retd), the Director is under publication and will be followed by a report based on the case study of Afghanistan.
- A book titled "Future of the United Nations in the 21st Century" by Lt Gen VK Saxena was published.
- A chapter on "United Nations India – Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM)" authored by Lt Gen PK Singh, PVSM, AVSM (Retd) has been published in "The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations".