CS3 - Research Faculty

Photograph of  Maj Gen BK Sharma

Maj Gen BK Sharma, AVSM, SM** (Retd), Deputy Director (Research) and Head Centre for Strategic Studies and Simulation (CS3)

Maj Gen BK Sharma, AVSM, SM** (Retd) is PSC, HC, NDC, MPhil (Twice), and PGDM. His prestigious Command and Staff assignments include, Senior Faculty Member at NDC, New Delhi, Command of a Mountain Division, BGS of a Corps, Principal Director Net Assessment, Defence Attaché in Central Asia and UN Military Observer in Central America. He specializes in Strategic Net Assessment, Scenario Building and Strategic Gaming. He writes for professional journals and participates in national and international events.

Photograph of  Maj Gen Rajiv Narayanan, AVSM, VSM (Retd)

Maj Gen Rajiv Narayanan, AVSM, VSM (Retd)– Distinguished Fellow

Maj Gen Rajiv Narayananan was commissioned in the Armoured Corps; during his distinguished service of 38 years he has held many senior appointments in the Army including Cdr of an Armoured Brigade of an Armoured Division of a Strike Corps, GOC of a Mountain Division deployed on Counter Insurgency Operations in the North East and on the LAC with China, and as the ADGMO (B) for three years from where he super-annuated. He has also served as the DA in the Indian Embassy in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. An avid reader and a keen follower of IR and geopolitics, he specializes in China studies, military strategy, force structures, force & capability development and military technology. He has written many articles published in various magazine and journals.

Photograph of  Maj Gen RPS Bhadauria, VSM (Retd) -  Distinguished Fellow

Maj Gen RPS Bhadauria, VSM (Retd) - Distinguished Fellow

After 36 years of Service, he retired from NDC, New Delhi where he was a faculty member. He has the unique distinction of being the first Chief of Staff of the Mountain Strike Corps. His command assignments include command of a newly raised Division in Arunachal Pradesh and brigade and battalion in Sikkim. He has served extensively on India’s Northern Borders in various other capacities. He was member of Army’s VI Pay Commission Cell and served in DRDO on project to develop computer war games for the Army. He attended courses on Politics and Strategic Affairs in Brazil in 2006 and NDC course in 2010.

Photograph of Group Captain Sharad Tewari

Group Captain Sharad Tewari, VM (Retd) - Senior Research Fellow

Gp Capt Sharad Tewari was commissioned into the flying branch of the IAF. He is an alumnus of Flying Instructors’ School, Defence Services Staff College and College of Defence Management. He also attended an International Course on UN Peacekeeping at Nairobi (Kenya) in 2005. He is a recipient of Vayu Sena Medal. He has been a former Director (Net Assessment) at HQ Integrated Defence Staff and specialises in Net Assessment and Scenario Building. He has conducted a number of seminars as well as studies related to Net Assessment and a scenario building workshop. Presently, he is a Senior Research Fellow at Centre for Strategic Studies and Simulation (CS-3) at the USI. He has been part of the research team for two National Security Studies, on China and South Asia respectively, at USI. He has carried out an Environment Scan of Afghanistan for HQ IDS. He has been a guest speaker at OP Jindal Global University, Sonepat and CPR, New Delhi.

Research Project Subject: "India-China and Strategic Balance in South Asia"

Photograph of Dr (Mrs) Roshan Khanijo – Senior Research Fellow & Research Coordinator

Dr (Mrs) Roshan Khanijo – Senior Research Fellow & Research Coordinator

Dr. Roshan Khanijo’s academic qualification includes BSc, MA and PhD. She has published a book titled “Complexities and Challenges of Nuclear India” and a Monogram “Iranian Nuclear Conundrum”. She was the member of the study team which did the Net Assessment on China and South Asia. She has carried out an Environmental Scan of Pakistan for HQIDS. She has been a panellist in various national and international panel discussions on nuclear issues. She presented a paper in the seminar organized by CIISS (China Institute for International and strategic Studies) in Beijing, and KNDU (Korean National Defence University) South Korea. She also took part in the discussions held by CICIR (China Institute of Contemporary International Relations) in Beijing She has written articles in national and foreign journals and regularly writes ‘Occasional Papers’ on strategic issues. She gave a guest lecture on “Net Assessment” in ARTRAC, Shimla and has been a guest speaker at OP Jindal Global University at Sonipat. Presently she is working as a Senior Research Fellow and Research Coordinator at the Centre for Strategic Studies and Simulation (CS-3) at the USI.

Research Project Subject: Research Project Subject: "Net Assessment of Nuclear Balance of India and Pakistan"

Photograph of Brig Sandeep Jain

Brig Sandeep Jain – Senior Research Fellow

Commissioned into Infantry in 1988, Brig Sandeep Jain has done MSc and M Phil in Defense and Strategic Studies from Madras University and Devi Ahilya Bai University, respectively. The officer has served as part of IPKF, in Op RHINO and Op RAKSHAK. He has held command and staff appointments commensurate to his rank and service in all parts of the country. The officer has served twice with UN Peacekeeping missions in Eritrea and South Sudan, the latter in the capacity of Sector Cdr.

Research Project Subject: Critical Appraisal of China’s Internal Fault Lines; Impact on China’s Rise and Lessons for India.

Photograph of Col Anurag Dwivedi, Senior Research Fellow

Col Anurag Dwivedi, Senior Research Fellow

Commissioned into Corps of Signals in 1989, Col Anurag Dwivedi is an alumnus of the National Defence Academy (BSc), Military College of Telecommunication Engineering (B Tech) and IIT Kharagpur (M Tech). The officer has commanded a Command Signal Regiment and has served in both Communication and Electronic Warfare units. Important staff appointments tenanted include Director Integrated Electronic Warfare Programme, PMO SURAJ and Deputy Director, DSA both at Army Headquarters. The officer has done three instructional tenures including as Commander, Faculty of Computer Technology & Systems and IT Wing. He has also served in the United Nations Mission in Democratic Republic of Congo. The officer has extensive experience of handling large projects in fields of Telecommunication as well as Electronic Warfare. He was part of the staff at a newly raised Divisional HQ in Arunachal Pradesh prior to joining USI as a Senior Research Fellow.

Research Project Subject: "Integrating Information Warfare (IW) Operations with Kinetic Means for achieving War Objectives : Impact on Force Structuring and Operational Doctrine"

Photograph of Col Shaman Chodha – Senior Research Fellow

Col Shaman Chodha – Senior Research Fellow

An alumnus of NDA, Khadakwasla, Col Shaman Chodha was commissioned into the Corps of Artillery in Dec 1993. In a career spanning twenty four years, the officer has tenanted an array of appointments which include command of an Arty Regiment in North East and the first SMERCH Battery raised in the country. He has been an instructor in NDA, Khadakwasla, G1 (Ops) of an Assam Rifles Sector in Nagaland, Director Arty 2 (Ops) in Artillery Directorate at IHQ of MoD (Army) and Col GS (Ops) of an Infantry Division as part of Strike Corps in Western Theatre. A graduate of DSSC, Wellington, Higher Command Course, Mhow, he holds post graduate degrees in Weapon Technology and Strategic and Defence Studies from Pune University and Madras University respectively. He has done his M. Phil in Strategic Studies from Punjab University. He has also done SMERCH Weapon System Battery Commander course from Mikhailoskaya Artillery Academy, Saint Petersburg, Russia. Currently he is a Senior Research Fellow with the USI of India.

Research Project Subject: “Subject: Pakistan’s Internal Security Challenges and the Army’s Ability to Overcome Them”

Photograph of Col Nihar Kuanr

Col Nihar Kuanr – Senior Research Fellow

Col Nihar Kuanr, after passing out from OTA Chennai, was commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery in Aug 1989. The officer commanded an Arty Regiment in deserts and in the valley, was AQ of a brigade as well as a division, Col Q in a command HQ, Deputy Commander in a strategic formation and Director Logistics in DGNCC. He has been awarded COAS, VCOAS as well as Army Commander’s Commendation card during his illustrious career. A graduate of DSSC, Wellington, he was awarded Lengtaign Medal for writing the best dissertation during the course. He holds post graduate degrees in Weapon Technology and Strategic and Defence Studies from Pune University and Madras University respectively. He has done his M. Phil in Defence and National Security studies from Panjab University. Currently he is a Senior Research Fellow with the USI of India.

Research Project Subject: "China’s Mil Reforms and its impact on HRD and Lessons for India"

Photograph of Cdr MH Rajesh

Cdr MH Rajesh – Research Fellow

Cdr MH Rajesh is an alumnus of Naval Academy and Defense Services Staff College. He has twenty one years of experience in the Indian Navy. He is a Submariner and has specialized in Anti-Submarine Warfare. He has tenured various operational and staff assignments including command of a Kilo Class Submarine. He has post graduate degrees in History and Strategic Studies. He is presently with the USI of India, researching on China and Indian Ocean.

Research Project Subject: "Chinese Maritime Strategy in IOR and Implications for the India’s Maritime Security Engagement in the Region"

Faculty Team Working On Current Projects

Chairs of Excellence

  • Admiral RD Katari Chair. - Vacant
  • Air Marshal Subroto Mukherjee Chair. - Vacant
  • MEA Chair. - Lt Gen PC Katoch, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SC (Retd)
  • Field Marshal KM Cariappa Chair - Mr Claude Arpi
  • Dr DS Kothari Chair. - Lt Gen (Dr) VK Saxena, PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)
  • Flying Officer Amandeep Singh Gill Chair. - Vacant

Photograph of Lt Gen PC Katoch, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SC (Retd)

Lt Gen PC Katoch, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SC (Retd)

Lt Gen PC Katoch, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SC superannuated as Director General Information Systems of Indian Army in 2009. A Special Forces officer, he participated in the 1971 Indo-Pak War, commanded a Special Forces battalion under the Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka, the Siachen Brigade during Kargil Conflict, a Division in Ladakh and a Strike Corps in South Western Theatre. He was part of the Indian contingent to an international sky-diving competition in USSR during 1976 and has served as Defence Attaché in Japan with accreditation to Republic of Korea from February 1994 to July 1997. An MSc in Defence Studies from Madras University, he is graduate of the National Defence College. Post retirement, he has authored over 920 articles on international affairs, geopolitics, military, security, technical and topical issues. He has been active in seminars at international and national levels and has presented papers in USA, China, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, Afghanistan and Maldives. He has authored books titled ‘India’s Special Forces’ and ‘Indian Military and Network Centric Warfare’. He is currently undertaking research on Hybrid Warfare under aegis United Services Institution of India.

Research Project Subject: "Hybrid Warfare"

Photograph of Mr Claude Arpi

Mr Claude Arpi

Mr Claude Arpi is an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) born in 1949 in Angoulême, France. After graduating as a Dental Surgeon from Bordeaux University, he came to India where he is settled since the past 42 years. He is the author of The Fate of Tibet (1999), Tibet, le pays sacrifié (2000), And Dark Shall be the Night: The Karma of Tibet (2001), Born in Sin: the Panchsheel Agreement (2004); and Glimpses of Tibetan History (2013). Three of his books have been published by Lancer Publishers, a military publishing house. • Tibet: The Lost Frontier (2008) • The Negotiations that never were: Dharamsala and Beijing (2009). • 1962: The McMahon Saga (2012) He has been regularly writing on Tibet, China, India, border and military issues and Indo-French relations for Rediff.com, DNA, The Pioneer, The Statesman, Asian Age, Geopolitics, Mail Today, The Diplomatist, etc. Claude has also written for the USI Journal, IDSA, the War College Journal (Mhow), Fauji Magazine, etc. He regularly lectures at think-tanks in India on China, Tibet, border issues; this includes NC, IDSA, USI and CLAWS. He has extensively worked in the National Archives of India as well as in the Nehru Library (Nehru Papers) on the Indian frontiers and particularly the Indian Frontier Administrative Service. His website carries the largest numbers of historical documents on subjects such as the Indo-China relations, the flight of the Dalai Lama in 1959 and the consequences for India, the 1962 Sino-Indian War, etc. Claude Arpi presently holds the Field Marshal KM Cariappa Chair of Excellence from the United Service Institution of India (USI) for his research on the Indian Presence in Tibet 1947-1962 (in 4 volumes).

Research Project Subject: "Relations between India, Tibet & China between 1947 and 1962"

Photograph of  Lieutenant General (Dr) V K Saxena PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)

Lieutenant General (Dr) V K Saxena PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)

Lieutenant General (Dr) V K Saxena PVSM, AVSM, VSM is the former Director General of the Corp of Army Air Defence in the Indian Army. The General in his long and distinguished career in the Army, spanning over four decades has served in various command and staff appointments including active service in ‘Counter Insurgency’ environment in Jammu and Kashmir. He is the only Air Defence Officer who has had the honour to command the prestigious Army Air Defence College for two tenures. As Director General the General is credited to have taken the Corps of Army Air Defence many notches up in operational readiness through up-gradation of existing weapon systems and induction of new ones to include most notably, the Akash Weapon System, besides many others.

General Saxena is a United Nations scholar with an MPhil and PhD. He is also a Law scholar pursuing qualifications in Human Rights, Child Rights, Medical Law and Ethics from the prestigious National Law School of India University. The General is also a prolific writer. He has authored 5 books and has to his credit, more than 100 articles in various defence magazines. He is holding the Kothari (DRDO) Chair of Excellence at the USI where he is writing and editing a Book titled “Future Air Defence Needs of the Country"

Research Project Subject: "Future Needs of Ground Based Air Defence in the Country"


MacGregor Medal